The Khujum weaving factory located in Samarkand is a place deserving attention of tourists. Everybody in the world knows the collocation “oriental carpet”. Three main weaving schools — Azerbaijani, Iranian and Central Asian — keep impressing people with their works for many centuries. According to some historians, the art of silk carpets weaving goes back to high antiquity.
By the way, the Khujum factory still adheres to the ancient weaving traditions: all work is done by hand, and all dyes are made from natural products. This is why its carpets are highly valued on the world market. However, it is impossible not to appreciate it because this is a labor-intensive work. Everyone can see it with their own eyes at the factory.
For the most part, this work is done by women. First, it should be mentioned that even the process of carpet backing stretching requires accuracy and great efforts. Silk threads are attached to the wooden frame that make a sound when you touch them. In part, due to this sound craftswomen determine if the backing is prepared well enough.
To make patterns, they use much thinner threads dyed with pomegranate and walnut peel and madder; these trees grow right there in the factory yard. The process is interesting: long skeans of threads are soaked in the solution, then crumpled, wrung out and soaked again until they get the desired color. Then they are dried and wound into balls and coils; after that, craftswomen begin to create a pattern. A thread is woven into the backing and tied in a knot. The end of the thread is torn off.
The pattern is made strictly according to the scheme. Tens of thousands of knots are made, and the pattern is ready. Carpets with custom patterns are manufactured in the same way, even from a photograph. However, this work is much more expensive.
When a pattern is being created, its finished parts are periodically cut to level the piles to approximately the same length — thus the pattern will be clearly seen. Women are more assiduous, patient and accurate in their work. Still, the final cut is made only by men because it requires much effort. On average, it takes 1 to 18 months to make a carpet. It all depends on the size of a product and the complexity of patterns.
A large number of craftswomen work at the factory at the same time, and therefore every day a new carpet appears in the show window. Since carpets are handmade, it is difficult to find two identical carpets; however, you can choose several similar products and create a unique interior for your home. Carpets manufactured at the Khujum factory can be purchased right there.
Canaan Travel invites residents and guests of Uzbekistan to Samarkand. Spending your visit to the legendary city full of historical attractions, you will have an opportunity to plunge into the atmosphere of a true oriental fairy tale.