The Chor-Minor Madrasah, or Madrasah with Four Minarets, is a building in peri Bukhara that intrigues architects with its unusualness. There are continuing debates concerning the idea of its creator, was it a part of the gates or a complete solution as it had been planned. The unusual appearance of the four minarets located closely to each other along the perimeter of the madrasah is a clear architectural idea. Each minaret has its own shape and decoration. Today the intended meaning of the structure is hidden from us, but there are two leading theories trying to explain the hidden metaphors — it can be equality of peoples living in the four corners of the world or the unity of four religions.
The second version is confirmed by numerous symbols of various religions depicted here on the walls: a cross, a Christian fish, a Buddhist wheel. There are many rooms for various purposes in this religious complex — both ceremonial and residential. The main building decorated with the towers is a mosque.
The place preserved significance until now and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site attracting travelers from around the globe.
One of the versions says that the madrasah was constructed in the 18th century by Khalif Niyazkul, a wealthy Turkmen, who ordered to start construction with his own money. According to the legend, Khalif, having visited India, was so delighted with the majestic Taj Mahal that wished to construct a building of the same type on the Great Silk Road where travelers would be able to stay for physical and spiritual rest.
However, the archives contradict this statement saying that the madrasah of Khalif was built earlier — in the late 17th century.
The building without complicated decoration served for daily prayers, and prayer services were held five times a day. The hall was surmounted by a domed ceiling that made it look like a dhikr room, a premise for the ritual ceremonies performed by religious leaders, chants and preaching activities. At the entrance, there is a small cozy courtyard, traditionally decorated with a small haouz, a reservoir the walls of which are lined with stone blocks.
Amazing shapes, unusual architectural solutions and the special spiritual significance of this place attract many travelers to the madrasah. The team of Canaan Travel invites all the residents and guests of Uzbekistan to get acquainted with the revered attraction — the Chor-Minor Madrasah.